Monthly Archives: August 2017

The World’s Deadliest Earthquakes

The World’s Worst Earthquakes

As measured by the death toll.

The worst earthquakes in history, in terms of the death toll have  occurred in China. In addition to lying along the earthquake prone “ring of fire”, China also has historically had a high population density. This virtually ensure that the highest earthquake casualties will be in China. It also is helpful that the Chinese have long had efficient bureaucracies, which were able to document the casualties as long ago as the 1500s.

1.

Shaanxi Province, China
January 23, 1556
Magnitude: approximately 8
Death Toll: 830,000

2.
Tangshan, China
July 28, 1976
Magnitude: 7.5
Death Toll: 242,000
The casualties in this may have been higher. The Chinese government is thought to have deliberately understated the numbers for political reasons.

3.
Aleppo, Syria
August 9, 1138
Magnitude: ?
Death Toll: 230,000

4.
Haiti
January 12, 2010
Magnitude: 7.0
Death Toll: 222,517

5.
Xining, China
May 22, 1927
Magnitude: 7.9
Death Toll: 200,000

6.
Damghan, Iran
December 22, 1856
Magnitude: unknown
Death Toll: 200,000

7.
Gansu, China
December 16, 1920
Magnitude: 8.6
Death Toll: 200,000

8.
Ardabil, Iran
March 23, 893
Magnitude: ?
Death Toll: 150,000

9.
Kwanto, Japan
September 1, 1923
Magnitude: 8.3
Death Toll 143,000

10.
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, USSR
October 5, 1948
Magnitude: 7.3
Death Toll: 110,000

11.
Messina, Italy
December 28, 1908
Magnitude: 7.2
Death Toll: 100,000

Originally posted 2015-01-05 02:10:17.

Interesting Hurricane Facts

Interesting Hurricane Facts

  • Typhoon Tip (1979) also was the most intense storm on record, with a recorded minimum pressure of 870 millibars.
  • The Great Colonial Hurricane of 1635 was the first recorded to hit New England.
  • It’s a myth that hurricanes have been increasing in intensity in recent years.The five seasons with the most Atlantic storms and hurricanes were: 2005, with 22 tropical storms and 12 hurricanes (at most recent count); 1931 (21 storms, 10 hurricanes); 1995 (19 storms, 11 hurricanes); 1969 (18 storms, 12 hurricanes); and 1936 (16 storms, 15 hurricanes). Note that 3 of the 5 worst occurred in 1969 or before.
  • A major hurricane is a Category 3 or higher.
  • Retired Hurricane Names (organized by date of the hurricane, earliest first): Carol, Edna, Hazel, Connie, Diane, Ione, Janet, Audrey, Gracie, Donna, Carla, Hattie, Flora, Cleo, Dora, Hilda, Betsey, Inez, Beulah, Camille, Celia, Agnes, Carmen, Fifi, Eloise, Anita, David, Frederic, Allen, Alicia, Elena, Gloria, Gilbert, Joan, Hugo, diana, Klaus, Bob, Andrew, Luis, Marilyn, Opal, Roxanne, Cesar, Fran, Hortense, Georges, Mitch, Floyd, Lenny, Keith, Allison, Iris, Michelle, Isidore, Lili, Fabian, Isabel, Juan, Charley, Frances, Ivan, Jeanne.
  • The deadliest Atlantic Hurricane was Hurricane Mitch, which struck Central America, killing 18,000
  • The Newfoundland Hurricane of 1775 was the first recorded to hit Canada. It killed 4,000. It also is known as the Independence Hurricane.
  • The Perfect Storm of 1991, made famous by the book and movie was created out of the remnants of Hurricane Grace
  • The 1899 Bathhurst Bay Hurricane in the South Pacific caused a storm surge of 42 feet, the highest ever recorded.

Originally posted 2015-01-05 02:06:04.

The Ten Deadliest Hurricanes World Wide

The Ten Worst Hurricanes Worldwide

The Deadliest Worldwide Hurricanes
The Ten Worst Cyclones

1.
November 13, 1970
East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)
500,000 – 1,000,00
The deadliest hurricane on record struck East Pakistan, flooding the low lying areas. At least 500,000 deaths are blamed on the storm, with some estimates rising as high as 1 million. The storm also had historical consequences: the apparent indifference of Muslim West Pakistan to the plight of the East Pakistanis has been blamed in part for the eventual separation of East Pakistan, which now is Bangladesh.

2.
October 7, 1737
Bengal, India
This hurricane killed at least 300,000.

3.
1881
Haiphong, Vietnam
The Haiphong Hurricane killed approximately 300,000

4.
1876
Bengal, India
200,000 casualties.

5.
May 3, 2008
Burma (Myannmar)
138, 366
The true count from Cyclone Nargis may never be known.

6.
June 6, 1882
Bombay, India
At least 100,000

7.
October 5, 1864
Calcutta, India
50,000 to 70,000

8.
June, 1965
East Pakistan
35,000 to 40,000

9.
October 16, 1942
Bengal, India
35,000

10.
May 28 – 29, 196
East Pakistan
22,000

11.
October 10 – 12, 1780
The Caribbean
This is another hurricane with historical consequences. The worst hurricane in Atlantic history, it killed more than 20,000 when it slammed into Martinique and the Barbados. It also severely damaged a British fleet in the area, shifting the balance of power to the French. This ultimately led to the defeat of the British fleet in the Battle of the Chesapeake and Washington’s victory at Yorktown.

Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:59:36.

The Ten Strongest Hurricanes In US History

The Ten Strongest Hurricanes In United States History

The Ten Worst Hurricanes As Measured By Intensity
1.
The Great Labor Day Storm
September 2, 1935
Florida

One of just three Category 5 Hurricanes to make landfall in the US, the Great Labor Day Storm had a minimum pressure of 892 millibars (26.35 inches). It caused 423 deaths in Florida. It also was notable for providing the setting for the Humphrey Bogart – Lauren Bacall movie, Key Largo.

2.
Hurricane Katrina
August, 2005
Louisiana and Mississippi

Katrina had a minimum pressure of 904 millibars (26.64 inches), making it the second most intense storm to hit the US, as well as the most costly, and the third dealiest.

3.
Hurricane Camille
August 17 – 22, 1969
Mississippi, SE Louisiana, Virginia

Camille, a Category 5, was the second most intense Hurricane ever to hit the United States, with a minimum pressure of 909 millibars (26.84 inches). The final windspeed will never be known because all measuring devices were destroyed, but it is thought to exceed 200 mph.

4.
Hurricane Andrew
August 24 – 28, 1992
Florida and Louisiana

A Category 4 when it hit Florida, Hurricane Andrew hit Louisiana as a Category 3. At its peak, Andrew had a minimum pressure of 922 millibars (27.23 inches).

5.
Unnamed Hurricane
August 29, 1886
Indianola, Texas

This Category 4 Hurricane turned Indianola into a Ghost Town. Today, the Court House lies 300 feet out in Matagorda Bay. The storm had a recorded minimum pressure of 925 millibars (27.31 inches).

6.
The Atlantic-Gulf Hurricane
Florida, Texas
September 10 – 14, 1919

This hurricane struck the Keys as a Category 4, and Texas as a Category 3. At its peak, it had a minimum pressure of 927 millibars (27.37 inches).

7.
San Felipe-Okeechobee Hurricane
September 16 – 17, 1928
Florida

The fourth strongest Hurricane to hit the US mainland caused a lake surge on the inland Lake Okeechobee in Florida that rose as high as nine feet, flooding nearby towns. A Category 4, it had a minimum pressure of 929 millibars (27.43 inches)

8.
Hurricane Donna
September 8 – 13, 1960
Florida to New England

Donna is the only hurricane known to have produce hurricane-force winds in Florida, the Mid-Atlantic states, and New England. At its peak, it had a minimum pressure of 930 milibars (27.46 inches).

9.
Unnamed Storm
September 30, 1915
New Orleans, Louisiana

This unnamed Category 4 Storm reached a minimum pressure of 931 millibars (27.49 inches). It flooded Lake Pontchartrain, causing it to overflow its banks and killing 275 people.

10.
Hurricane Carla
September 11, 1961
Texas

A Category 4, Carla had a minimum pressure of 931 millibars (27.49 inches), tying it with the 1915 Louisiana storm.

Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:54:09.

The Ten Costliest US Hurricanes

The Ten Costliest US Hurricanes

The Ten Worst Hurricanes As Measured By Cost
(all figures are in adjusted dollars)
1.
Hurricane Katrina
August 2005
Louisiana

The most destructive hurricane in US History caused an estimated $100 – $200 billion in damage.

2.
Hurricane Andrew
August 24 – 28, 1992
Florida and Louisiana

A Category 4 when it hit Florida, Hurricane Andrew hit Louisiana as a Category 3. Andrew caused an estimated $43.672 billion in damages.

3.
Hurricane Charley
August 13 – 14, 2004
Florida

Although a relatively small hurricane, Charley was very intense, causing $15 billion in damage.

4.
Hurricane Ivan
September 16 – 24, 2004
Southeastern United States

Hurricane Ivan hit Gulf Shores, Alabama on September 16, producing more than 100 tornados and flooding across the American southeast. The remnants of the storm hit the Delmarva Peninsula on the 18th, where it picked up speed, passed back down the coast, became a tropical storm again in the Gulf and then hit Louisiana as a tropical depression. Ivan left $14.2 billion in damage in its wake.

5.
Hurricane Hugo
September 22, 1989
Charleston, South Carolina

A Category 4, Hurricane Hugo caused $12.25 billion in damages.

6.
Hurricane Agnes
June 19 – 25, 1972
South and North Eastern United States

Although a Category 1, and at other times not even a hurricane at all, Agnes carved an $11.2 billion path of destruction from the Florida Panhandle to New York, New York. Most of the damage came from heavy rains.

7.
Hurricane Betsy
September 7 – 9, 1965
Southeast Florida, Southeast Louisiana

Falling just short of being classified as a Category 5, Betsy struck the Florida Keys on the 7th, and New Orleans on the 9th. Flooding from the storm breached the levees in New Orleans, leaving the city flooded for ten days. Betsy is also called “Billion Dollar Betsy” because it was the first to cause a billion dollars in damage. In today’s dollars, the total would be $10.79 billion.

8.
Hurricane Frances
September 5, 2004
Florida

Frances was a Category 2 that caused $8.9 billion in damage.

9.
Hurricane Camille
August 17 – 22, 1969
Mississippi, SE Louisiana, Virginia

Camille, a Category 5, was the second most intense Hurricane ever to hit the United States. The final windspeed will never be known because all measuring devices were destroyed. Storm tides, winds, and flash flooding caused by the storm in West Virginia and Virginia caused $8.8 billion in damages.

10.
Hurricane Diane
August 17 – 19, 1955
Northeast coast from Virginia to New York

Diane, along with her sister storm, Connie, which hit the same areas just five days earlier, caused $6.9 billion in damage. Most of the damage was caused by flooding.

Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:52:38.