Monthly Archives: April 2017

Earthquake Facts

  • Several million earthquakes occur every year. Most go unnoticed because they are very small, or because they occur in very remote areas. There is no scientific evidence to suggest that animals can predict earthquakes.
  • The moon does not influence earthquakes.
  • California is NOT going to fall into the ocean. The Pacific Plate and North American plates are moving sideways to one another. California earthquakes along the San Andreas Fault are strike-slip quakes. However, sometime in the very distant future, San Francisco and Los Angeles will be adjacent to each other.
  • There is no evidence that we are having any more or less earthquakes than in the past. If it seems like there are more, that is because areas that formerly were unpopulated now have people, and because sensitive instruments now can detect previously undetectable tremors.
  • Volcanos do not cause earthquakes. However, they often occur in the same areas because the same forces that cause volcanos (plate tectonics) also cause earthquakes.
  • Originally posted 2015-01-05 02:16:56.

    Worst Earthquakes Worldwide by Magnitude

    Largest Earthquakes Worldwide
    In Terms of Magnitude

    1.
    Chile
    May 22, 1960
    Magnitude: 9.5

    2.
    Prince William Sound, Alaska
    March 28, 1964
    Magnitude: 9.2

    3.
    Aleutian Islands
    March 9, 1957
    Magnitude: 9.1

    4.
    Kamchatka, Russia
    Nov. 4, 1952
    Magnitude: 9.0

    5.
    Sumatra, Indonesia
    Dec. 26, 2004
    Magnitude: 9.0

    6.
    Japan
    March 11, 2011
    Magnitude: 8.9

    7.
    Ecuador
    Jan. 31, 1906
    Magnitude: 8.8

    Chile
    February 27, 2010
    Magnitude: 8.8

    8.
    Aleutian Islands
    Feb. 4, 1965
    Magnitude: 8.7

    9.
    Sumatra, Indonesia
    March 28, 2005
    Magnitude: 8.7

    10.
    India-China border
    Aug. 15, 1950
    Magnitude: 8.6

    11.
    Kamchatka, Russia
    Feb. 3, 1923
    Magnitude: 8.5

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 02:15:36.

    The Worst US Earthquakes By Death Toll

    The Worst US Earthquakes
    Deadliest US Earthquakes

    As Measured By Death Toll

    The United States’ Worst Earthquakes
    As Measured By Death Toll

    1.
    The Great San Francisco Earthquake
    April 18, 1906
    Magnitude: 7.8
    Death Toll: 3,000

    The Great San Francisco Earthquake is by far the deadliest ever to hit the United States.

    2.
    Aleutian Islands, Alaska
    April 1, 1946
    Magnitude: 8.1
    Death Toll: 165

    Most of the deaths from this earthquake were in Hawaii, as the resulting tsumami killed 159. Five were killed in Alaska; 1 in California.

    3.
    The Good Friday Earthquake
    Prince William Sound, Alaska
    March 28, 1964
    Magnitude: 9.2
    Death Toll: 125

    The strongest earthquake to ever hit the United States caused a tsunami that killed 98 in Alaska, 11 in California, and one in Oregon. Fifteen were killed in Alaska as a direct result of the quake. The effects of the quake were felt worldwide: several fishing boats were reported sunk off of Louisiana, and wells were seen sloshing water in South Africa.

    4.
    Long Beach, California
    March 11, 1933
    Magnitude: 6.3
    Death Toll: 115

    Poor building design led to the deaths of 115 as people were killed by falling debris as they ran out of buildings. The quake led to a mandate in California that scool buildings be earthquake resistant.

    5.
    Hawaii Island, Hawaii
    April 3, 1868
    Magnitude: 7.9
    Death Toll: 77

    Thirty one died from landslides; 46 from the resulting tsunami.

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 02:12:22.

    The World’s Deadliest Earthquakes

    The World’s Worst Earthquakes

    As measured by the death toll.

    The worst earthquakes in history, in terms of the death toll have  occurred in China. In addition to lying along the earthquake prone “ring of fire”, China also has historically had a high population density. This virtually ensure that the highest earthquake casualties will be in China. It also is helpful that the Chinese have long had efficient bureaucracies, which were able to document the casualties as long ago as the 1500s.

    1.

    Shaanxi Province, China
    January 23, 1556
    Magnitude: approximately 8
    Death Toll: 830,000

    2.
    Tangshan, China
    July 28, 1976
    Magnitude: 7.5
    Death Toll: 242,000
    The casualties in this may have been higher. The Chinese government is thought to have deliberately understated the numbers for political reasons.

    3.
    Aleppo, Syria
    August 9, 1138
    Magnitude: ?
    Death Toll: 230,000

    4.
    Haiti
    January 12, 2010
    Magnitude: 7.0
    Death Toll: 222,517

    5.
    Xining, China
    May 22, 1927
    Magnitude: 7.9
    Death Toll: 200,000

    6.
    Damghan, Iran
    December 22, 1856
    Magnitude: unknown
    Death Toll: 200,000

    7.
    Gansu, China
    December 16, 1920
    Magnitude: 8.6
    Death Toll: 200,000

    8.
    Ardabil, Iran
    March 23, 893
    Magnitude: ?
    Death Toll: 150,000

    9.
    Kwanto, Japan
    September 1, 1923
    Magnitude: 8.3
    Death Toll 143,000

    10.
    Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, USSR
    October 5, 1948
    Magnitude: 7.3
    Death Toll: 110,000

    11.
    Messina, Italy
    December 28, 1908
    Magnitude: 7.2
    Death Toll: 100,000

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 02:10:17.

    Interesting Hurricane Facts

    Interesting Hurricane Facts

    • Typhoon Tip (1979) also was the most intense storm on record, with a recorded minimum pressure of 870 millibars.
    • The Great Colonial Hurricane of 1635 was the first recorded to hit New England.
    • It’s a myth that hurricanes have been increasing in intensity in recent years.The five seasons with the most Atlantic storms and hurricanes were: 2005, with 22 tropical storms and 12 hurricanes (at most recent count); 1931 (21 storms, 10 hurricanes); 1995 (19 storms, 11 hurricanes); 1969 (18 storms, 12 hurricanes); and 1936 (16 storms, 15 hurricanes). Note that 3 of the 5 worst occurred in 1969 or before.
    • A major hurricane is a Category 3 or higher.
    • Retired Hurricane Names (organized by date of the hurricane, earliest first): Carol, Edna, Hazel, Connie, Diane, Ione, Janet, Audrey, Gracie, Donna, Carla, Hattie, Flora, Cleo, Dora, Hilda, Betsey, Inez, Beulah, Camille, Celia, Agnes, Carmen, Fifi, Eloise, Anita, David, Frederic, Allen, Alicia, Elena, Gloria, Gilbert, Joan, Hugo, diana, Klaus, Bob, Andrew, Luis, Marilyn, Opal, Roxanne, Cesar, Fran, Hortense, Georges, Mitch, Floyd, Lenny, Keith, Allison, Iris, Michelle, Isidore, Lili, Fabian, Isabel, Juan, Charley, Frances, Ivan, Jeanne.
    • The deadliest Atlantic Hurricane was Hurricane Mitch, which struck Central America, killing 18,000
    • The Newfoundland Hurricane of 1775 was the first recorded to hit Canada. It killed 4,000. It also is known as the Independence Hurricane.
    • The Perfect Storm of 1991, made famous by the book and movie was created out of the remnants of Hurricane Grace
    • The 1899 Bathhurst Bay Hurricane in the South Pacific caused a storm surge of 42 feet, the highest ever recorded.

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 02:06:04.

    The Ten Deadliest Hurricanes World Wide

    The Ten Worst Hurricanes Worldwide

    The Deadliest Worldwide Hurricanes
    The Ten Worst Cyclones

    1.
    November 13, 1970
    East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)
    500,000 – 1,000,00
    The deadliest hurricane on record struck East Pakistan, flooding the low lying areas. At least 500,000 deaths are blamed on the storm, with some estimates rising as high as 1 million. The storm also had historical consequences: the apparent indifference of Muslim West Pakistan to the plight of the East Pakistanis has been blamed in part for the eventual separation of East Pakistan, which now is Bangladesh.

    2.
    October 7, 1737
    Bengal, India
    This hurricane killed at least 300,000.

    3.
    1881
    Haiphong, Vietnam
    The Haiphong Hurricane killed approximately 300,000

    4.
    1876
    Bengal, India
    200,000 casualties.

    5.
    May 3, 2008
    Burma (Myannmar)
    138, 366
    The true count from Cyclone Nargis may never be known.

    6.
    June 6, 1882
    Bombay, India
    At least 100,000

    7.
    October 5, 1864
    Calcutta, India
    50,000 to 70,000

    8.
    June, 1965
    East Pakistan
    35,000 to 40,000

    9.
    October 16, 1942
    Bengal, India
    35,000

    10.
    May 28 – 29, 196
    East Pakistan
    22,000

    11.
    October 10 – 12, 1780
    The Caribbean
    This is another hurricane with historical consequences. The worst hurricane in Atlantic history, it killed more than 20,000 when it slammed into Martinique and the Barbados. It also severely damaged a British fleet in the area, shifting the balance of power to the French. This ultimately led to the defeat of the British fleet in the Battle of the Chesapeake and Washington’s victory at Yorktown.

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:59:36.

    The Ten Strongest Hurricanes In US History

    The Ten Strongest Hurricanes In United States History

    The Ten Worst Hurricanes As Measured By Intensity
    1.
    The Great Labor Day Storm
    September 2, 1935
    Florida

    One of just three Category 5 Hurricanes to make landfall in the US, the Great Labor Day Storm had a minimum pressure of 892 millibars (26.35 inches). It caused 423 deaths in Florida. It also was notable for providing the setting for the Humphrey Bogart – Lauren Bacall movie, Key Largo.

    2.
    Hurricane Katrina
    August, 2005
    Louisiana and Mississippi

    Katrina had a minimum pressure of 904 millibars (26.64 inches), making it the second most intense storm to hit the US, as well as the most costly, and the third dealiest.

    3.
    Hurricane Camille
    August 17 – 22, 1969
    Mississippi, SE Louisiana, Virginia

    Camille, a Category 5, was the second most intense Hurricane ever to hit the United States, with a minimum pressure of 909 millibars (26.84 inches). The final windspeed will never be known because all measuring devices were destroyed, but it is thought to exceed 200 mph.

    4.
    Hurricane Andrew
    August 24 – 28, 1992
    Florida and Louisiana

    A Category 4 when it hit Florida, Hurricane Andrew hit Louisiana as a Category 3. At its peak, Andrew had a minimum pressure of 922 millibars (27.23 inches).

    5.
    Unnamed Hurricane
    August 29, 1886
    Indianola, Texas

    This Category 4 Hurricane turned Indianola into a Ghost Town. Today, the Court House lies 300 feet out in Matagorda Bay. The storm had a recorded minimum pressure of 925 millibars (27.31 inches).

    6.
    The Atlantic-Gulf Hurricane
    Florida, Texas
    September 10 – 14, 1919

    This hurricane struck the Keys as a Category 4, and Texas as a Category 3. At its peak, it had a minimum pressure of 927 millibars (27.37 inches).

    7.
    San Felipe-Okeechobee Hurricane
    September 16 – 17, 1928
    Florida

    The fourth strongest Hurricane to hit the US mainland caused a lake surge on the inland Lake Okeechobee in Florida that rose as high as nine feet, flooding nearby towns. A Category 4, it had a minimum pressure of 929 millibars (27.43 inches)

    8.
    Hurricane Donna
    September 8 – 13, 1960
    Florida to New England

    Donna is the only hurricane known to have produce hurricane-force winds in Florida, the Mid-Atlantic states, and New England. At its peak, it had a minimum pressure of 930 milibars (27.46 inches).

    9.
    Unnamed Storm
    September 30, 1915
    New Orleans, Louisiana

    This unnamed Category 4 Storm reached a minimum pressure of 931 millibars (27.49 inches). It flooded Lake Pontchartrain, causing it to overflow its banks and killing 275 people.

    10.
    Hurricane Carla
    September 11, 1961
    Texas

    A Category 4, Carla had a minimum pressure of 931 millibars (27.49 inches), tying it with the 1915 Louisiana storm.

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:54:09.

    The Ten Costliest US Hurricanes

    The Ten Costliest US Hurricanes

    The Ten Worst Hurricanes As Measured By Cost
    (all figures are in adjusted dollars)
    1.
    Hurricane Katrina
    August 2005
    Louisiana

    The most destructive hurricane in US History caused an estimated $100 – $200 billion in damage.

    2.
    Hurricane Andrew
    August 24 – 28, 1992
    Florida and Louisiana

    A Category 4 when it hit Florida, Hurricane Andrew hit Louisiana as a Category 3. Andrew caused an estimated $43.672 billion in damages.

    3.
    Hurricane Charley
    August 13 – 14, 2004
    Florida

    Although a relatively small hurricane, Charley was very intense, causing $15 billion in damage.

    4.
    Hurricane Ivan
    September 16 – 24, 2004
    Southeastern United States

    Hurricane Ivan hit Gulf Shores, Alabama on September 16, producing more than 100 tornados and flooding across the American southeast. The remnants of the storm hit the Delmarva Peninsula on the 18th, where it picked up speed, passed back down the coast, became a tropical storm again in the Gulf and then hit Louisiana as a tropical depression. Ivan left $14.2 billion in damage in its wake.

    5.
    Hurricane Hugo
    September 22, 1989
    Charleston, South Carolina

    A Category 4, Hurricane Hugo caused $12.25 billion in damages.

    6.
    Hurricane Agnes
    June 19 – 25, 1972
    South and North Eastern United States

    Although a Category 1, and at other times not even a hurricane at all, Agnes carved an $11.2 billion path of destruction from the Florida Panhandle to New York, New York. Most of the damage came from heavy rains.

    7.
    Hurricane Betsy
    September 7 – 9, 1965
    Southeast Florida, Southeast Louisiana

    Falling just short of being classified as a Category 5, Betsy struck the Florida Keys on the 7th, and New Orleans on the 9th. Flooding from the storm breached the levees in New Orleans, leaving the city flooded for ten days. Betsy is also called “Billion Dollar Betsy” because it was the first to cause a billion dollars in damage. In today’s dollars, the total would be $10.79 billion.

    8.
    Hurricane Frances
    September 5, 2004
    Florida

    Frances was a Category 2 that caused $8.9 billion in damage.

    9.
    Hurricane Camille
    August 17 – 22, 1969
    Mississippi, SE Louisiana, Virginia

    Camille, a Category 5, was the second most intense Hurricane ever to hit the United States. The final windspeed will never be known because all measuring devices were destroyed. Storm tides, winds, and flash flooding caused by the storm in West Virginia and Virginia caused $8.8 billion in damages.

    10.
    Hurricane Diane
    August 17 – 19, 1955
    Northeast coast from Virginia to New York

    Diane, along with her sister storm, Connie, which hit the same areas just five days earlier, caused $6.9 billion in damage. Most of the damage was caused by flooding.

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:52:38.

    The Ten Deadliest US Hurricanes

    The Ten Deadliest US Hurricanes

    The Worst Hurricanes In Terms of Loss of Life In the United States
    1.
    The Great Galveston Hurricane
    Galveston, Texas
    September 8, 1900

    This unnamed hurricane caused the greatest loss of life of any Hurricane in recorded US history. First tracked in Cuba as a tropical storm on Sept. 3, it hit Galveston as a Category 4 Hurricane. An estimated 6,000 – 12,000 people died as storm tides of eight to 15 feet washed over the barrier island. The tragedy was documented in the recent book, Isaac’s Storm.

    2.
    San Felipe-Okeechobee Hurricane
    Florida
    September 16 – 17, 1928

    The fourth strongest Hurricane to hit the US mainland caused the second highest number of casualties. A lake surge on the inland Lake Okeechobee in Florida rose as high as nine feet, flooding nearby towns. A total of 1,836 people died in Florida; another 312 died in Puerto RIco, and 18 in the Bahamas.

    3.
    Hurricane Katrina
    Louisiana, Mississippi
    August 25 – 29, 2005

    Making landfall as a Category 4, Hurricane Katrina caused immense flooding in New Orleans. More than 800 deaths currently are being blamed on Katrina.

    4.
    The Long Island Express
    North Carolina to New York
    September 20 – 22, 1938

    The Long Island Express roared past North Carolina on September 20, and hit Long Island on September 22 as a Category 3. Storm surges of 12 – 16 feet killed at least 600.

    5.
    The Great Labor Day Storm
    Florida
    September 2, 1935

    One of just three Category 5 Hurricanes to make landfall in the US, the Great Labor Day Storm was responsible for 423 deaths in Florida. Most of those occurred when a train carrying World War I veterans was overturned. The Hurricane also was notable for providing the setting for the Humphrey Bogart – Lauren Bacall movie, Key Largo.

    6.
    Hurricane Audrey
    Texas and Louisiana
    June 26, 1957

    Audrey was a Category 4 that caused eight to 12 foot storm surges that moved inland as far as 25 miles through low-lying areas of Louisiana. The storm is blamed for 390 deaths.

    7.
    The Great Miami Hurricane
    Florida
    September 18, 1926

    The Great Miami Hurricane struck Miami directly with little warning. The town of Moore Haven on the south side of Lake Okeechobee was completely flooded by lake surge from the hurricane. Hundreds of people in Moore Haven alone were killed by this surge, which left behind floodwaters in the town for weeks afterward. The Red Cross lists the death toll at 373, although the total may be higher because much of the population at the time was either new, or transient, with no one to account for them.

    8.
    The Grand Isle Hurricane
    Louisiana
    September 20, 1909

    This Category 4 storm struck the mainland between Baton Rouge and New Orleans. It is blamed for at least 350 deaths.

    9.
    The Atlantic-Gulf Hurricane
    Florida, Texas
    September 10 – 14, 1919

    This hurricane struck the Keys as a Category 4, and Texas as a Category 3. US mainland losses are recorded as 287, but more than 500 more people apparently were lost at sea as the storm destroyed ten ships.

    10.
    Unnamed Storm
    New Orleans, Louisiana
    September 30, 1915

    In a frightening precursor to 2005’s Hurricane Katrina, this unnamed Category 4 Storm flooded Lake Pontchartrain, causing it to overflow its banks and killing 275 people.

    11.
    Unnamed Storm
    Galveston, Texas
    August 5, 1915

    In spite of a seawall built following the devastating 1900 storm, this Category 4 hurricane once again devastated the city of Galveston, Texas. It killed 275.

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:50:53.

    Worst Football Disasters

    Worst Soccer/ Football Riots and Disasters

    1.
    El Salvador and Honduras
    July 14 – 18, 1969
    3,000 Casualties
    Known as the Football, or 100 hours war, this conflict was fought in the wake of rioting following the second round of qualifying for the 1970 FIFA World Cup. Honduras and El Salvador had previous border issues, but the matches were the proximate cause. Honduras suffered 2,100 military and civilian casualties, while El Salvador lost some 900.
    2.
    Moscow, Russia
    Oct. 20, 1982
    340 Killed
    Confusion caused by fans reentering the stadium and possible police misconduct lead to terrible losses.
    3.
    Lima, Peru
    May 24, 1964
    318 Killed, 500 inujured
    Sparked by a referee disallowing a goal by Peru in an Olympic Qualifying match
    4.
    Sheffield, England
    April 15, 1989
    96 deaths
    Fans are crushed to death when police open the gates and fans rush into the stadium
    5.
    Guatemala City
    October 16, 1996
    78 killed, 180 injured.
    Casualties occurred during a stampede before a World Cup qualifying match.
    6.
    Buenos Aires, Argentina
    June 23, 1968
    74 killed, 150 injured
    A blocked exit led to fans being crushed
    7.
    Salvador, Brazil
    March 4, 1971
    4 dead, 1500 injured
    A fight in the grandstands lead to 4 four deaths and 1,500 injuries

    8.
    Cairo, Egypt
    Feb. 1, 2012
    at least 73 casualties
    The deaths were the result of a riot following a match.

    9.
    Glasgow, Scotland
    Jan. 2, 1971
    66 casualties, 140 injuries
    Barriers in the stadium collapse when fans returning to a game collide with fans trying to exit.
    10.

    Bradford, England
    Mary 11, 1985
    56 deaths
    A wayward cigarette lights up a wooden grandstand.

    Originally posted 2015-01-05 01:47:06.